Kecskemét, the town with the greatest population in the Kiskunság region is surrounded by a well-planned green belt. In its north-eastern part can be found the young, developing Arboretum.
Dr. Antal Gőbölös initiated the creation of arboretum, the development plans were made by Győző Mészöly and the implementation was directed at the beginning by László Ván, all Bedő-prized forestry engineers.
Works were started in autumn 1986 by the forestries of KEFAG Ltd. First the protecting belt, then the collection section were planted. The Arboretum has been continually developed since its foundation and it is maintained now by the North-Kiskunság Forestry of KEFAG Zrt.
Besides being a pleasant place for trips, it has become a more and more high-standard and interesting place for experiments of adaptation, meteorological observations, bird watching as well as education and teaching. As it lies in the major wind direction (NW), this 62-hectare forest and garden area plays an important role in sheltering the town and conditioning the air arriving here.
The Arboretum has become a popular tourist attraction not only for local people but for those arriving from distant parts of the country as well. First of all, primary school groups visit the Arboretum, but kindergarten and secondary schools also like spending some time here just like specialists and other visitors. The number of visitors is growing year by year, according to estimations about 60,000 people visit the place a year. Besides the guided tours and plant recognition workshops, individual visitors’ self-education is facilitated by the boards along the paths giving information on plants, insects, animals, the climate and the soil conditions. The Arboretum is one of the training fields/educational localities of Vackor Castle Forest School as well.
For specialists the comparative fenology examinations are really informative regarding plants living in the different parts of the country and especially their ornamental varieties. The data of the damages caused by frosts among the coniferous, decidous and squamifoliate evergreens/ evergreens with scalelike leaves have been recorded on the national scale.
The Kecskemét Arboretum has joined these examinations, as a member of the Association of Hungarian Arboretums and Botanic Gardens. The automatic meteorological station gives helpful data from the local climate.
While creating and developing the plant collection, several objects have been built that meet the visitors’ demands. One of them is the look-out tower, which is among children’s favourite places and offers a really beautiful view both on the Chapel-hill and the Vízmű-hill. The rain shelters are popular for having a chat or a snack, while the benches and tables primarily serve as places for meditation rather than a picnic. The youngest ones love the wooden play ground.
The 2-hectare Church area is an organic part of the Arboretum where the Maria Chapel can be found. It was built in 1718 and boasts a frontispiece façade with a wooden ridge turret and a semicircular arched gateway. The chapel has been a shrine for pilgrimage for centuries and the rockery and the Hungarian Saints’ Alley make it a place worthy for meditation.
The arboretum consists of three main parts: the protecting belt, the collection section and the oak collection. If we walk along the 14 paths in the 25-hectare, central section we can see over 900 dendroids that were planted according to their morphological features, taxonomic classification, their needs and places of origin. Along the paths plants from the Mediterranean, Atlantic, Pacific North American, East-Asian, Balkan, Pannonian etc. regions can be seen together with colourful leafy plants, floriferous trees and shrubs, pines with long needles, cypress, junipers, drought-resistant, alkali-resistant and hydrophilic plants. Along each path recognition boards help us to identify the trees and shrubs.
The collection area is surrounded by a protecting belt that has a beneficial effect on the micro-climate and contains several species typical of the Plain region: pedunculate oaks, white poplars, ashens, maples and elm trees. The youngest section of the Arboretum is the oak collection presenting different types of native and foreign oaks resistant to draught on about 16 hectares.
Address: 6000 Kecskemét, Nyíri út 48.
.facebook: Kecskeméti Arborétum - KEFAG Zrt.
|Open:||in summer:||8 a.m. – 8 p.m.|
|in spring and autumn:||8 a.m. – 5 p.m.|
|8 a.m. – 6 p.m.|
|8 a.m. –7 p.m. depending on visibility|
|in winter:||8 a.m. – 4 p.m.|
Closed: between 1st and 25th December
Guided tours: by prior arrangement
At the entrance near the Chapel there is ample parking space for coaches.